History of tanning II: tanning is a modern trend
Tanning is a recent trend and its appeal is fading since science unveiled its link with skin diseases. Pale complexion remained a fashion in Europe till the 20th century and tanning was associated with poor social conditions. During the Victorian, era even if the cosmetics were not considered appropriate for well educated girls, women used natural looking make-up and abandoned harmful whitening powders containing mercury or lead. The alabaster visages of the 18th century disappeared but upper classes continued to avoid the sun wearing large hats and using parasols. The perception of the sun and its effects changed when medicine discovered its positive effects on human health.
At that time thousands of children grew up spending most of the day indoor to avoid the pollution and the other dangers of the slums and developed rickets. At the end of the 19th century Theobald Palm discovered the critical role of sunlight for bone development and a year later Johan Harvey Kellogg (yes, the same one who invented the corn flakes) cured King Edward VII gout with the incandescent light bath. In 1903, Niels Ryberg Finsen won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “in recognition of his contribution to the treatment of diseases, especially lupus vulgaris, with concentrated light radiation, whereby he has opened a new avenue for medical science.”
Twenty years after this medical rehabilitation Coco Chanel made suntanning chic when she caught too much sun during a cruise and established a new icon of beauty. For most of the people living in northern Europe natural tanning was not achievable until the sixties when economic boom and commercial air travel allowed a broader number of tourists to reach the Mediterranean countries. As in the past pearl complexion had been a mark of privilege, from the 1960s on, a tan announced that you had the time to bronze and you are rich enough to travel abroad.
Even if not all could afford vacations to the sun paradises with the development of the artificial tanning market, more and more people were able to get a dark complexion. The first self-tanner, Man-Tan, was introduced in 1959 in US and UV tanning beds started to appear in 1978.
In the last two decades the appeal of the tan has been fading. In 2009 fears surrounding the risks of tanning were confirmed and today we know that skin cancers are associated with exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation and that it can also cause eye damage and photoaging signs as wrinkles, leathery skin and brown spots.
The commonly accepted tale says that the fashion icon Coco Chanel got accidentally burnt during a holiday and popularized the idea of sunbathing
Vitamin D is crucial to stay healthy. We all know it spurs bone growth and insufficient level of vitamin D can therefore trigger osteoporosis
Ultraviolet eye protection is important. UV exposure can lead to skin cancers in the eyes and on the eyelids and damage cornea, lens and other parts of the eye
Photo-types classification describes how sensitive you are to sunburns and related risk of skin damages and skin cancer.
Skin cancer, nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM), is the most frequent cancer worldwide